Well, who doesn’t love London? It is a city which is rich in almost everything. Also, it is one of the largest cities in the world. With a population of about eight million people, it is known as the global city of fashion, culture, finance, trade and politics. Looks like we are forgetting the important thing, aren’t we? Of course, it is the fact that London is one of the best tourist places in the world. From very long ago, people all over the world simply love visiting London. The city has quite a many landmarks and it is also easy to move around. So, let us have a look at the top 10 places which you must visit when you are in London.
The very famous Big Ben Clock Tower which is one of the most popular tourist attractions in London is a hundred and fifty years old. Hmm, I know what you are wondering. About the name Big Ben right? Most of you would have thought that the name refers to the clock tower. But, it actually refers to the thirteen ton bell which is within the tower and the name comes for Sir Benjamin Hall, who first ordered the bell. Big Ben is quite popular and has also been casted in many films like ‘Mars Attack’. So, just pay a visit to it when you are in London.
Tower Bridge is constructed over River Thames in London. It is called Tower Bridge as it is close to the Tower of London. The construction of this bridge started in the year 1886 and it was completed after eight years. And now, the bridge has become an iconic symbol of London. It has appeared on screen many times. For example, it appeared in the song ‘Midnight Memories’ by One Direction. And, mind you, it is not just any other bridge. It includes two towers which are tied together at the upper level with two horizontal walkways. These are designed specially to withstand the forces of the suspended parts of the bridge. The bridge is really a beautiful sight and you simply can’t miss it when you are in London!
The British Museum was established in the year 1753 in London. It is a museum of culture and human history. It has a huge collection of seven million objects from all around the world. Also, the collections are among the most comprehensive in the world and are taken from all the continents and represent the story of human culture from the beginning to the present. Well, with the amazing and incredible objects it has, you wouldn’t want to miss it, would you?
Although the palace is owned by the British state, is the residence of Queen Elizabeth II. The Buckingham Palace is simply beautiful and you wouldn’t even bother to take your eyes off it. The Forecourt of the palace is used for certain occasions like Changing of the Guard which is an important ceremony. Between the months May and July, the guard is changed every day. And, during the rest of the year, the guard is changed on alternate days. Only during the months of August and September, the palace’s state rooms are open to the public. This is being followed since 1993. So, pay a visit when you still have the chance.
Like the Tower Bridge, London Eye too is situated over River Thames. It is really enormous with a height of 443 feet. This observation wheel consists of thirty two capsules which have glass walls. And, they show you all over Central London which proves to be a really fantastic view. Usually, the wheel doesn’t stop to take passengers. Its rotation is so slow that one can walk in and out of it when it is at ground level. It is said to be the most popular paid tourist attraction in the U.K and has 3.5 million visitors every year. Well, it would be really foolish not to have a ride in it.
Tower of London
If you remember, I mentioned the name earlier. This ancient Tower was built in the year 1078 by William the Conqueror. It was used as a prison from 1100 to the mid twentieth century. (Lucky for those prisoners!)Now you get the phrase “sent to the Tower” which means ‘imprisoned’. But now, the Tower is the home to the British Crown Jewels. Some of the famous prisoners here were King Henry VI, Catherine Howard and Anne Boleyn (wives of King Henry VIII), Rudolph Hess and Sir Thomas More. Now, the Tower of London has grown to be one of the most popular tourist attractions in Europe.
This is a huge city square in London. It was built to celebrate the victory of Lord Horatio Nelson against Napoleon’s navy at the Battle of Trafalgar which was fought in the year 1805. The monument which is situated at the centre is a single tall column which has the figure of Nelson on it. Also, the monument is surrounded by four colossal lions and a series of large fountains. Trafalgar Square is one of the most famous city squares in the entire world and is now a social location for both tourists and the people of London.
St. Paul’s Cathedral
St. Paul’s Cathedral, which was built in the seventeenth century, is another famous sight of London. During the Second World War, the Cathedral was bombed. But luckily, it was saved by the heroic fire-fighters. Its 118 metres dome was influenced by St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. Until 1962, it was the tallest building in Rome. Make sure that you pay a visit to one of the highest domes in the world when you are in London.
Palace of Westminster
Palace of Westminster which is also known as the Houses of Parliament is the seat of Parliament in the United Kingdom. The present building was built during the 19th century, being rebuilt in the example of Victorian neo-Gothic architecture. The House of Commons which includes the elected members of the Parliament is situated to the north of the building and is decorated with green leather upholstery. And, the House of Lords is located to the south and decorated with red leather upholstery.
This Gothic church is situated to the west of Palace of Westminster. Westminster Abbey is one of the most popular religious buildings in the U.K and is also a traditional place of coronation. It is used as a burial site for the British monarchs. Most parts of the present building dates from 1245 to 1272 when Henry III decided to rebuild the old abbey in Gothic style. Later, the building was expanded when the Chapel of Henry VII was added between the years 1503 and 1512. And, the two West Front Towers date from 1745.