Compelled by curiosity, scientists have spared no animal or insect found on earth. Still, we hear about discoveries of new species of insects, which hints that many mysteries still wait to be uncovered by humankind. Spiders, one of the creepiest creatures of natures are indeed fascinating for entomologists or anyone who takes immense pleasure in studying insects. During last decades, several species of spiders are discovered in various parts of the world. With their discovery came into light some fascinating capabilities nature had endowed these insects to facilitate their survival. For instance, following fellows remained unknown until onset of 21st century and have now become a subject of study for scientists.
Moroccan flic-flac spider (Cebrennaus Rechenbergi)
This spider can enhance its incredible acrobatic capabilities. Discovered in Moroccan sand dunes sometime during 2014 by German Scientist Rechenberg, the spider can perform sort of somersaults when required in time of threat or whenever it’s time to run as fast as it can be. Scientists have taken inspiration from the spider species to conceive an idea of developing a robot with similar capabilities, but it is still to be materialized.
Darwin’s Bark Spider (Caerostris Darwin)
Discovered in 2009 on the Madagascar is the only spider in the world that builds webs over water bodies like lakes. It can weave a web of about 2 square meters area, which is no doubt the biggest web any spider species can weave. Also, this web is more than 0 times stronger than Kevlar armor. The substance used by this spider for its web is, so far, toughest biological substance.
Decoy Spider (Cyclosa genus)
This spider has power to manipulate enemy by building a decoy spider that is larger in size than its builder. The spider uses leaves, inspect parts, and other remains to build a dummy spider like a scarecrow. This tiny spider is a marvelous craftsman.
It was found in the Volcan San Martin Biosphere Reserve in 2014. Spider is master of disguise. It secretes a sticky substance from gland pores that allows it to stick soil particles to its body. The spider, in the eyes of predator, is nothing more than a part of ground, thus, undetectable. Moreover, layer of soil also spoils taste of predators.
Indian Tiger Spider (Poecilotheria rajaei)
This one is big enough to eat birds and rodents. This beastly fellow was discovered in Sri Lanka in 2009. It can grow to a size of about 20 centimeters in length. It has venom that can kill small birds and rodents while bigger animals can survive it. About 15 species of Poecilotheria is known to scientists, but unfortunately, due to deforestation, are now endangered. Some of the members of this species have probably disappeared and scientists didn’t get even a chance to study them.